"In 1945, Most Holocaust Survivors Owed Survival to the Red Army."
A timely essay by David Fishman reminding us that Auschwitz, Treblinka, Belzec, Majdanek, Sobibor were liberated by the Soviet Union.
If not for the Red Army, Fishman asserts, "there would not have been a victory against Nazi Germany, and there would probably not have been any Jewish survivors in Europe…. The Soviet Union lost 10 million soldiers fighting the Nazis."
About 500,000 Jewish soldiers served in the Red Army during World War II. An estimated 120,000 were killed in combat and in the line of duty; 80,000 were murdered as prisoners of war. More than 160,000 earned citations, with over 150 designated Heroes of the Soviet Union--the highest honor awarded to soldiers in the Red Army. About 7,000 are alive today; most of them live in Israel.
Related: Jewish Red Army Soldiers of WWII